Our history


history

Named in honour of John Curtin, former Prime Minister of Australia, Curtin University is a modern, global institution with campuses across Australia and the Asia-Pacific region.

Today, more than 50 years after his death, Curtin University still strives to honour John Curtin’s values of vision, leadership and community service.This timeline traces our history all the way back to our establishment in the 1960’s in Western Australia and highlights the milestones of our Malaysian campus established in Sarawak in 1998.


Curtin University moves up more than 100 places in the QS World University Rankings, and into the top 2 per cent of universities worldwide.

January

  • Professor Ir. Yudi Samyudia is appointed the new Deputy Pro Vice-Chancellor. Replacing Professor Alistair Inglis. Professor Samyudia’s appointment represents a coming of age for Curtin Sarawak in that it is the first time that someone from within the ranks of its employees has been appointed to one of the two senior positions normally filled by an Australian.
  • Curtin Sarawak achieves ISO 9001: 2008 certification, delivered by certifying agency SIRIM QAS Sdn. Bhd. It brings Curtin Sarawak in line with Curtin University’s campuses in Perth and Singapore, which have also achieved ISO 9001:2008 certification.
  • Higher degree by research (HDR) student Lue Ik Hong becomes Curtin Sarawak’s second recipient of MyBrain15 scholarship for postgraduate study.
  • Curtin Sarawak and the Samling Group of Companies sign MoU on collaborative development. The MoU aims to enhance collaboration in student development through placement, internship, scholarships and bursaries, guest lectures, industrial visits and other related matters, as well as establish collaboration in staff development and staff exchange programmes, explore opportunities for consultancies, research, and projects of mutual interest; and collaboration in CSR activities.

February

  • Curtin Sarawak achieves a Tier 5 or “Excellent” rating for Engineering in the new Discipline-Based Rating System (D-Setara) introduced by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) to rate the quality of teaching and learning of undergraduates in Malaysian higher learning institutions.
  • Dr. Ujjal Kumar Ghosh, senior lecturer in the Department of Chemical Engineering, is honoured with a Chemcon Distinguished Speaker (CDS) Award by the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (IIChE). The CDS Award is awarded to individuals who have made significant contributions to the field of chemical engineering either in academia or in industry.
  • Dr. Amandeep S. Sidhu of the Curtin Sarawak Research Institute co-organises the 1st International Symposium on Biomedical Data Infrastructure (BDI 2013) in Kuala Lumpur with Dr. Sarinder K. Dhillon from University of Malaya. The symposium discusses the next generation of information integration approaches that are needed to ensure increasing infrastructure agility required for high-throughput biomedical research.

March

  • Associate Professor Dr. Michael K. Danquah of the Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is appointed member of the Board of Trustees of Open Access Publishing London (OAPL).

April

  • Applied geology final-year student Ching Siu Jeen Ho is awarded a Student Excellence Award at 36th Petroleum Geoscience Conference and Exhibition (PGCE) 2013 in Kuala Lumpur. Ching and her course mates Faidhi Yusoff, Intan Mashitah Amir Basha, and Malcolm Wong Kee Heng also took part in the Student-Industry Geo-Quiz competition in conjunction with the conference, emerging among the top five teams.
  • Curtin Sarawak receives the head of the Papua Human Resources Development Board, Dr. Zakharias Giay, on a familiarisation visit to the campus.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds its annual Award and Scholarship Ceremony and graduation ceremonies for its graduating classes of 2012, and annual dinner for its alumni.
  • Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) congratulates Curtin Sarawak on the establishment of its SPE Student Chapter.
  • Electrical power engineering student Esther Kueh Yue Ning became the first Curtin Sarawak student to receive the prestigious Maxis Scholarship for Excellence Award (MSEA).
  • Eight teaching staff of Curtin Sarawak receive TAE Certificate IV in Training and Assessment from the Central Gippsland Institute of TAFE (GippsTAFE). Curtin Sarawak and GippsTAFE also signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) for the provision of annual GippsTAFE Curtin Sarawak Scholarships for three years to outstanding Malaysian students to pursue GippsTAFE diplomas at Curtin Sarawak.

May

  • Newly established Society of Petroleum Engineering (SPE) Student Chapter of Curtin Sarawak organises first Curtin Engineering Symposium (CES).
  • Four student members of Accounting Club Curtin Sarawak (ACCS) represented the university at the 12th Inter-Varsity Accounting Quiz (IVAQ).
  • First batch of eight undergraduate students from Curtin Bentley under Australian and Malaysian government-sponsored AsiaBound programme spend two weeks in Miri visiting local communities to give them a global perspective and an understanding of local cultures as well as the development of the state.

June

  • Society of Petroleum Engineering (SPE) Student Chapter of Curtin Sarawak organises inaugural 2-day Curtin Engineering Symposium.

July

  • Professor Jim Mienczakowski assumes position of Pro Vice-Chancellor of Curtin Sarawak, taking over from Professor Ian Kerr.

August

  • Curtin Sarawak launches IELTS Preparatory Course, a comprehensive course that prepare participants to take the IELTS test at Curtin Sarawak, an IELTS Associate and IELTS Test Centre.
  • 26 students from Jin Shan Middle School of Chaozhou, Guangdong Province, China attend 4-day Summer English Camp at Curtin Sarawak.
  • Over 400 new students enrolled in July (Semester 2) intake kick off their university careers with ‘O-Week’ activities on campus.

September

  • Two projects proposed by the Office of R&D arising from the research plans of senior lecturer Dr. Dominique Dodge-Wan and Head of Department Dr. Ramasamy Nagarajan, both from the Department of Applied Geology, get funding from Sarawak Energy Berhad. The projects are valued at around RM2 million and are the largest research project grants to be received by Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak IEEE Student Branch and the Engineering in Medicine and Biology (EBMS) Malaysia Chapter host 2-day 4th Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) National Exhibition at Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak signs Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the development of student learning activities, training, research and collaborative projects with eBario Sendirian Berhad and Rurum Kelabit Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak appoints Professor Michael Cloke as its new Dean of School of Engineering and Science.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds its seventh Curtin Sarawak Open Day which is attended by a record 7,412 visitors.
  • Two project proposals by Curtin Sarawak are awarded funding under the AsiaBound Grants Programme 2014.

October

  • Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) launches its student chapter at Curtin Sarawak, making it the first IMechE student chapter to be established in East Malaysia.
  • Curtin Sarawak launches its Leadership and Entrepreneurship Centre (LEC), which functions as its student and community development arm.
  • Curtin Sarawak signs MoUs with Teach for Malaysia (TFM), under which TFM provides expertise in supporting training sessions for Curtin Sarawak’s voluntary student organisations in conducting educational development programmes for underprivileged youth and children.
  • Curtin Sarawak signs MoUS with Malaysian Industrial Development Finance Berhad (MIDF) and Crowe Horwath, adding them to the university’s growing list of industry partners.
  • Researchers from Curtin Sarawak and Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) develop world’s first index to assess traditional knowledge and language vitality simultaneously. Researchers from Curtin Sarawak comprise ethnobiologist Dr. Merlin Franco of Curtin Sarawak Research Institute (CSRI); Bibi Aminah Abdul Ghani, Curtin Sarawak’s Dean of School of Continuing Studies; and Syafitri Hidayati, a PhD student at CSRI.
  • Two academics from Curtin Sarawak, Associate Professor Dr. Michael K. Danquah and Dr. Mesfin G. Woldetensay from the Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, School of Engineering and Science, were shortlisted by The Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) Malaysia for the IChemE Awards 2013. They were nominated for the Innovator of the Year and the Petrochemical Processing awards, respectively.

November

  • Curtin Sarawak establishes key partnerships for training and development with the Multimedia Development Corporation Sendirian Berhad (MDeC) and Agilent Technologies Sales (M) Sendirian Berhad.

More than 50,000 students attend Curtin’s campuses, with around 35% from countries other than Australia.

 

January

  • Curtin Sarawak offers PhD scholarships in the areas of science, engineering and business.

February

  • Curtin Sarawak students establish first East Malaysian chapter of AIESEC, the world’s largest student-run organisation focused on providing a platform for youth leadership development.
  • Research team comprising Dr. Pauline Ho Poh Ling, Dr. Goi Chai Lee, Fayrene Chieng and Ng Poh Yen awarded grant by East Asian Development Network (EADN) to carry out research project titled ‘The Influence of Macro-Environment Forces on Transport Sustainability: A Case in Malaysia’.

March

  • Curtin Sarawak’s Accounting Club (ACCS) and CPA Australia Student Charter (CPAASC) celebrate their tenth anniversary.
  • Senior executives of Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) visit Curtin Sarawak to explore possibility of sending company-sponsored students to study at Curtin Sarawak.
  • Ground-breaking ceremony for RM500,000 Islamic Centre at Curtin Sarawak officiated by Sarawak Assistant Minister of Early Childhood Education and Family Development Rosey Haji Yunus.

April

  • First ‘Curtin Grand Club Expo’ showcasing Curtin Sarawak’s student clubs held in the Recreation and Event Centre.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds its annual Award and Scholarship Ceremony, graduation ceremonies for its graduating classes of 2011, and annual dinner for its alumni. It was the first time separate graduation ceremonies for the business and diploma programmes, and the engineering and science programmes, were held.
  • Media Association, a club for Mass Communication students, formed with the support of the School of Business and its Department of Media, Culture and Communication.
  • Curtin Sarawak Research Institute (CSRI) holds first of a series of workshops on Optimisation and Optimal Control.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds first Undergraduate Research Opportunity Programme (UROP) Seminar.
  • The Department of Civil and Construction Engineering organises site visits in Kuching for its students.

June

  • Yuki Nakamura, general manager for corporate planning and development of Pertama Feroalloys Sdn. Bhd. visits Curtin Sarawak to explore opportunities to hire Curtin Sarawak engineering graduates for its manganese and silicon smelting plant at Samalaju Industrial Park.

July

  • Postgraduate student Calvin Chok Vui Soon receives Letter of Commendation from Chancellor of Curtin University for his thesis entitled ‘Experimental Study of a Compartmented Fluidised Bed Gasifier for Fuel Gas Production from Oil Palm Shell Biomass’.
  • Curtin Sarawak is awarded Institute of Materials Malaysia (IMM) Green Materials Award 2012 for its research into the development of masonry blocks based on waste materials.
  • Curtin Sarawak co-organises Borneo Engineering Symposium with Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM), Sarawak Branch; Swinburne University of Technology, Sarawak Campus; and Malaysia Cold-formed Steel Institute (MyCSI) in Kuching,
  • Malaysian Red Crescent Voluntary Aid Detachment 57 (VAD 57) of Curtin Sarawak wins Best VAD Unit (Category A) 2012 Sarawak Branch Award for the fourth consecutive year.

August

  • Keeshaanan Sundaresan, member of the Curtin Young Associates (CYA), emerges winner of oratory competition held in conjunction with International Youth Leadership Convention in Miri.
  • Curtin Sarawak’s Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Student Branch holds its largest-ever Electronic Exhibition at the Recreation and Event Centre.
  • John Curtin Leadership Academy (JCLA) holds its 3rd John Curtin Leadership Camp (JCLC) for secondary school students.

September

  • Curtin Sarawak holds its sixth Curtin Sarawak Open Day, which attracts a record 6,130 visitors.
  • Electrical and computer engineering student Chin Pin Rui receives award from Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) for his final-year project entitled ‘Ethernet Control AC Motor via PLC using LabVIEW’.
  • Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Student Branch of Curtin Sarawak organises its largest-ever Electronic Exhibition, attracting more than 700 visitors.
  • Curtin Career Fair 2012 sees the largest-ever number of employers being represented. 
  • Curtin Sarawak signs research agreement with EcoSteel Sdn. Bhd. for 2-year research project entitled ‘A Study on the Performance of Cold-Formed Steel Built-Up I Sections’ conducted by Curtin Sarawak’s researchers Ir. Dr. Lau Hieng Ho, Dr. Muhammad Ekhlasur Rahman and Dr. Leblouba Moussa for the company.
  • Curtin Sarawak and Sarawak Tourism Board sign MoU on collaborative development in the field of education, research and cultural events.
  • Over 100 heads and senior officers of federal departments and agencies in Sarawak attend postgraduate programmes preview conducted by Curtin Sarawak and Centre of Modern Management (CMM) in Kuching.

October

  • Curtin Sarawak higher degree research (HDR) student Billy Lau Pik Lik becomes first student from the university to receive a MyBrain15 scholarship for postgraduate study.
  • Six-member delegation from Guangdong University of Business Studies in Guangzhou, China, visits Curtin Sarawak to explore opportunities for collaboration.
  • Nine student ambassadors of John Curtin Leadership Academy (JCLA) complete Rainwater Harvesting Project to help alleviate water shortages at Rumah Boniface Bada located in Suai District.
  • Newly-formed Curtin Oratory and Debating Society (CODES) comes in second in Yayasan Sarawak English Debate Championship, its first competition.
  • Curtin Sarawak graduate Lee Syin Kit is among 12 recipients nationwide of Best Accounting Graduate 2011 Award presented by Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA).
  • University students from Malaysia and Thailand, including 15 students of Curtin Sarawak, debate controversial issues and human rights at External MUN.CS Conference organised by Model United Nations Curtin Sarawak (MUN.CS).
  • Gary Wilson of the Australian Tropical Herbarium and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, gives talk entitled ‘Carnivorous Plants, Crocodiles and Jungle Journeys: A Botanist’s Trials and Tribulations Studying Pitcher Plants’ to staff of Curtin Sarawak as part of the School of Business’ Ecotourism Lecture Series.
  • Chemical engineering students Jeffrey Pang Kok Hooi, Jeremiah Ting Siew Hoo Goh Wui Seng, Anson Yong, and Oriekwo Eze bag runner-up prize in Honeywell UniSim Design Challenge 2012.

November

  • Curtin Sarawak signs master agreement with Polar Light Sendirian Berhad, developer of Curtin Water housing project in Senadin, for rental of 34 units of double-storey terrace houses for off-campus student housing.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds 7th Curtin University Technology, Science and Engineering (CUTSE) Conference.
  • Curtin Sarawak retains its ‘Tier 5’ or ‘excellent’ rating under Rating System for Malaysian Higher Education Institutions or Sistem Penarafan Institusi Pengajian Tinggi (SETARA ‘11).
  • Research project team from School of Engineering and Science secures RM137,000 grant from Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) to conduct research into Efficient Low Power System-on-Chip Architectures.
  • Research project team from School of Engineering and Science secures RM137,000 grant from Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) to conduct research into Efficient Low Power System-on-Chip Architectures.
  • Curtin Sarawak alumnus Dr. Bay Yeo is presented the Western Australia Young Professional Engineer of the Year Award 2012 at Engineers Australia’s WA Engineering Excellence Awards event in Perth.
  • Curtin Sarawak offers ‘Curtin Summer Intake’ (CSI) programme in place of its annual ‘January Intake’ programme from 7 January to 8 February 2013.
  •  ‘Foxtrot November Tango’ team from Curtin Sarawak comes in second in Malaysia finals of the SAP Dashboard Design Competition 2012 Southeast Asia held in Kuala Lumpur.

December

  • Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA) and Accounting Club Curtin Sarawak hold 3-day MICPA-Curtin Leadership Camp at Borneo Tropical Rainforest Resort Miri.
  • Four John Curtin Leadership Academy (JCLA) student ambassadors of Curtin Sarawak organise ‘The Forgotten Smiles’ project at a Penan village in Long Lamam.
  • The British Council Malaysia and Curtin Sarawak seal agreement at Partnership Signing Ceremony under which the British Council appoints Curtin Sarawak as an IELTS (International English Language Testing System) Associate and the official IELTS Test Centre in Miri.

January

  • Curtin Sarawak Research Institute (CSRI) offers Early Career Development Fellowships, Senior Research Fellowships and Visiting Fellowships to researchers interested in contributing to Curtin’s commitment to enhancing research activities.
  • Curtin Sarawak launches January Intake Programme for SPM, STPM and UEC school leavers.

February

  • Three mass communication students – Cecilia Yii Siew Chen, Irene Wong Tien Tien and Wong Kee Fong – emerge second runner-up in the ‘Short Film/Mini Documentary’ category of MUFORS Road Reels Short Film Competition with 3-minute film entitled Turn Back.
  • School of Foundation and Continuing Studies organises ‘BRAINnovation@Curtin 2011’ workshop for secondary school students.

March

  • Curtin Sarawak receives recognition of Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) for its Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting), Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting & Finance), Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting & Entrepreneurship) and Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting and Marketing) programmes. Graduates of the programmes are eligible to sit MIA’s Qualifying Examinations and qualify as Chartered Accountants (Malaysia).
  • Accounting Club of Curtin Sarawak and the Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountant (MICPA) organise career talk for accounting students from School of Business.
  • Curtin Sarawak partners United Nations Association of Singapore (UNAS) to host Sustainable Development and Leadership Forum 2011 in conjunction with the United Nations International Year of Forests 2011.
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) and University Life departments and the Curtin Young Associates (CYA) organise MDeC-Curtin ICT Career Camp for secondary school students with support from the Multimedia Development Corporation (MDeC).
  • National President of Engineers Australia, Merv Lindsay, pays Curtin Sarawak a familiarisation visit in conjunction with Curtin Sarawak’s engineering programmes being granted accreditation by Engineers Australia.

May

  • Diploma and Foundation Certificate Ceremony 2011 held at Eastwood Valley Golf & Country Club.
  • Groundbreaking Ceremony for RM10 million Chancellery signals another chapter in the continued growth of Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds Graduation Ceremony 2011 at Eastwood Valley Golf & Country Club – the university’s tenth graduation event.
  • 55 scholarship and over 100 student and staff award recipients are recognised for their achievements at Award and Scholarship Ceremony 2011 held at Eastwood Valley Golf & Country Club.
  • First Curtin Sarawak Alumni Dinner for members of newly-formed Curtin Alumni Sarawak Chapter held at Eastwood Valley Golf & Country Club.
  • School of Business hosts public talk on Reputation Management – Driving Business Success in the Digital Age by Associate Professor Dr. Nigel de Bussy, Public Relations Course Coordinator from the School of Marketing at Curtin Bentley.
  • Curtin Sarawak and Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM) renew an MoU signed in 2006 to extend and strengthen their cooperation in the areas of education and training, research, exchange of facilities and staff development.
  • Accounting Club of Curtin Sarawak and Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) jointly organise ACCA – Curtin Sarawak Business Conference 2011.

June

  • Curtin Sarawak donates fixed assets worth over RM630,000 accumulated when its temporary campus was located at the site of Riam Institute of Technology to the institute.
  • Accounting Club of Curtin Sarawak co-organises first-ever Curtin Sarawak – CIMA Business Game with the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA).
  • Curtin Sarawak launches new Diploma of Instrumentation and Control Engineering course jointly conducted in collaboration with the Central Gippsland Institute of TAFE (GippsTAFE) in Melbourne.
  • Curtin Sarawak’s club for secondary school students, the Curtin Young Associates (CYA), hosts its first 2-day ‘CYA Camp’ camp themed Jazz Your Mind for its members in Miri.
  • Third Year Applied Geology students of Curtin Sarawak conduct research in the caves at Niah National Park. They map the cave passages, sediments, stalagmites and stalactites, and key features visible in cave ceilings and walls. They also produce the first published map of the Painted Cave.

July

  • Curtin Sarawak offers new Diploma of Instrumentation and Control Engineering course jointly conducted by the School of Foundation and Continuing Studies and the Central Gippsland Institute of TAFE (GippsTAFE) in Melbourne.
  • Officials from the Ministry of Higher Education of Oman pay Curtin Sarawak a familiarisation visit, meet Omani students and lay the groundwork for the placement of Omani government scholars.
  • A team of mechanical engineering students of Curtin Sarawak represent Sarawak at Shell Eco-Marathon Asia 2011 at Sepang International Circuit. It was the second time a team from Curtin Sarawak participated in the international event.
  • Student ambassadors of John Curtin Leadership Academy (JCLA) team up with Kelabit community project enthusiast Rachel Kedung Bulan and Rurum Kelabit Sarawak (RKS) for project promoting sustainable waste disposal in Bario.
  • Three Civil and Construction Engineering students from Curtin Sarawak emerge grand prize winners in the national-level Inter-varsity Concrete Frisbee Competition 2011.
  • Curtin Sarawak appoints Professor Dr. Taufiq Yap of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) as Curtin Sarawak Research Institute (CSRI)’s first Visiting Professor.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds Brand Campaign Launch to officially launch Curtin Sarawak’s newly-evolved brand attributes, new strategic advertising theme centred on Curtin’s new Make Tomorrow Better tagline and Curtinnovation theme, as well as new advertising and publication styles.
  • Civil and Construction Engineering students Ngu Ung Chai, Tang Zing Wei and Wong Pei Yee emerge grand prize winners in national-level Inter-varsity Concrete Frisbee Competition 2011.

August

  • CPA Australia Student Charter of Curtin Sarawak, in collaboration with CPA Australia, organise Financial Workshop with theme Your Money & Your Brain.

September

  • Curtin Open Day 2011 attracts over 5,500 visitors.
  • Curtin Career & Alumni Services organises Curtin Career Fair 2011 themed Get Connected.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds Academic Audit Workshop to enhance academic quality auditing knowledge and skills of 21 staff members involved in academic quality audit processes.
  • Curtin Sarawak hosts launch of MyConstitution (PerlembagaanKu) Campaign in collaboration with Advocates Association of Sarawak (Miri Branch).

October

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts launch of ‘Selangkah ke Universiti’ programme for secondary school students in Miri.
  • 24 students from 14 secondary schools in Miri who achieved exceptional academic results in their studies are rewarded with Curtin Award of Excellence from Curtin Sarawak.
  • Second and third-year Civil and Construction Engineering students Chai Kah Seng, Raymond Chow Han Seng, Lam Ka Kitt, Tsang Kwan Yeon and Wong Siaw Jye come in third at Asia Pacific Universities Build and Break Competition 2011.

November

  • School of Business organises field trip for 17 banking and finance students to Kuala Lumpur to visit financial institutions there.
  • Research student Lue Ik Hong outshines students from other institutions of higher learning in the state to claim first prize in 2011 Sarawak Open Source Competition.
  • Teaching and Learning Committee at Curtin Sarawak and Office of Assessment, Teaching and Learning, at Curtin Bentley jointly host ‘Enhancing Learning: Teaching and Learning International Conference 2011’ at Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak Research Institute (CSRI) is officially launched.
  • Curtin Sarawak appoints Dr Francois Therin as its new Dean of School of Business.

December

  • Curtin Sarawak appoints Mr. Nicholas Ching Lai Hock as its new Chief Operating Officer replacing Mr. James Ng Kian Seng.
  • School of Business organises its first Postgraduate Colloquium as part of its continuing efforts to support postgraduate students by research.
  • Business students Lau Lik Wong, Ankith Rana and Lim Bee Yen come in second in national-level investment quiz organised by Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB).
  • It was Curtin Sarawak’s best showing in the annual quiz, bettering its fourth placing in 2009.
  • Curtin Sarawak signs Collaborative Research Agreement (CRA) with Celtex Resources Sendirian Berhad to undertake 3-year research project aimed at improving management of palm wastes produced by palm oil mills, as well as developing more efficient and sustainable technology for treatment of palm-based wastes.

Curtin University of Technology is shortened to Curtin University to reflect the breadth of our education and research.

 

January

  • Curtin Sarawak awards its 2009 Best Researcher and Best Research Paper Awards to Associate Professor Dr. Nader Nassif Barsoum of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Ismail Ait Saidi, lecturer in economics and finance at the School of Business, respectively.
  • Curtin Sarawak and Centre for Modern Management (CMM) in Kuching sign MoU committing to collaborate in developing and promoting consultancy and training programmes in Sarawak.

April

  • 430 students graduate from foundation programmes in Commerce and Arts, Engineering and Science, Media and Information Technology at Certificate Ceremony 2010.
  • Over 100 student and staff receive awards and scholarships at Award & Scholarship Ceremony 2010.
  • Lecturer Dr. M.V. Prasanna of Department of Applied Geology, School of Engineering and Science, is presented award for ‘Best Publication for Lecturer in the School of Engineering and Science’ by Curtin Sarawak in recognition of his achievement in the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) ranking.
  • 226 students graduate from postgraduate and undergraduate programmes at Curtin Sarawak’s ninth Graduation Ceremony.

May

  • Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) grants Curtin Sarawak self-accreditation status.
  • Curtin Sarawak is accorded recognition by Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA), exempting its Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting) graduates from completing Module A and Module B of the institute’s Professional Stage Examination.
  • Four films submitted by aspiring film-makers from Curtin Sarawak for Detik-detik MH, Malaysia Airlines’ Short Film Competition are shortlisted among the top 13 finalists in the competition.
  • Professor Ian Kerr is appointed new Pro Vice-Chancellor of Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak jointly organises international conference on ‘Linking Culture, Nature and Community through Ecotourism’ with Islamic Tourism Centre (ITC) in Kuala Lumpur.
  • Curtin Sarawak hosts first Curtin International Agents’ Training Workshop for marketing agents from India, Pakistan. Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Indonesia in collaboration with International Office at Curtin Bentley.
  • Schlumberger and Curtin Sarawak sign MoU and software licence agreement for non-exclusive, non-transferable and royalty-free use of Schlumberger’s licenced proprietary industry-standard software for processing or interpreting geoscience, reservoir and production related data for reservoir modeling and simulation.
  • Sekampung Sehati, one of four entries by Curtin Sarawak Bachelor of Arts (Mass Communication) students shortlisted for the finals of the Malaysia Airlines’Detik-detik MH Short Film Competition, emerges winner of the People’s Choice Award in the competition.

June

  • Curtin Sarawak students Li Peng, Shaun Tan Mun Weng and Low Jia Wei walk away with three prizes in 4th Sarawak Open Source Competition organised by Sarawak Information Systems Sdn. Bhd. (SAINS).
  • Curtin Sarawak hosts first Miri Youth Green Symposium for some 100 secondary school students from six schools in Miri.

July

  • Curtin Sarawak is one of 18 higher education institutions achieving Tier Five or ‘excellent’ status in 2009 Rating System for Malaysian Higher Education Institutions (SETARA ’09).
  • Curtin Sarawak launches Diploma of Occupational Health and Safety programme conducted by the School of Foundation and Continuing Studies in collaboration with Curtin’s Vocational Training and Education Centre (Curtin VTEC) in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.
  • Curtin Sarawak hosts 3-day 10th Biennial Borneo Research Council (BRC) International Conference.
  • Curtin Sarawak and Curtin Bentley jointly host Displacement, Division and Renewal – Borneo Conference 2010.

August

  • 12 English language lecturers from Hanshan Normal University in Chaozhou, Guangdong, China, commence 3-week English training course at Curtin Sarawak.
  • Curtin Sarawak officially announces its name change to ‘Curtin University, Sarawak Malaysia’ in line with rebranding of Curtin University of Technology to ‘Curtin University’.
  • Curtin Sarawak and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), joint hosts for 7th International Conference on Steel and Aluminium Structures 2011 (ICSAS11), sign Professional Conference Organiser (PCO) agreement with AOS Conventions & Events Borneo (AOSCEB), appointing them as conference’s professional event organiser.

September

  • Curtin Sarawak holds Curtin Open Day 2010 which attracts a record 5,500 visitors.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds Career Fair 2010.

October

  • Science and Mathematics Department organises 5-day excursion for its Bachelor of Science undergraduate students to Kundasang and Mesilau in Sabah.
  • Chemical engineering senior lecturer Tan Yin Ling is awarded 2010 Curtin Excellence and Innovation in Teaching Award (Early Career) by Curtin University.
  • Curtin Sarawak completes administrative process to finalise its self-accreditation status granted by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA), resulting in its qualifications being listed in the Malaysian Qualifications Register.
  • Curtin Sarawak presents 225 decommissioned English Language, science, economics and computing reference books from its library to SMK Lutong.

November

  • International students Syed Jamal Kazni, Zhang Wen Qiong and Eze Oriekwo were selected to represent Curtin Sarawak at 4th Inter-Civilizational Youth Engagement Program (JUST IYEP4) in Malacca.
  • 30-second advertisement submitted by Bachelor of Arts (Media, Culture and Communication) students Belinda Yip Chien Jiun, Chong Ping Xing and Siah Shin Ning wins Honorable Mention Award for ‘Dare To Dream Challenge’ in conjunction with International GreenTech & Eco Products Exhibition & Conference Malaysia 2010 (IGEM 2010).
  • Over 300 community leaders attending Miri Division Community Leaders’ Seminar in Miri visit Curtin Sarawak as part of their seminar itinerary.
  • 172 Curtin Volunteers! spend two weekends carrying out community service projects at five longhouses and rural communities around Miri under John Curtin Weekend (JCW).
  • Curtin Volunteers! (CV!) holds Annual Fundraising Event in support of Sarawak Aids Concern Society (SACS) and National Transplant Resource Centre.
  • Professor Alistair Inglis is appointed Deputy Pro Vice-Chancellor, replacing Professor Joan Gribble.
  • Curtin Sarawak, in partnership with Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM), Miri Branch, organises Curtin University Technology, Science and Engineering (CUTSE) Conference 2010 themed ‘Inspiring Tomorrow’s Engineers and Geologists’.

December

  • Curtin Sarawak obtains exemptions from most of the papers of Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA)’s professional examinations for its Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting) graduates.
  • Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA) and Curtin Accounting Club of Curtin Sarawak co-organise 3-day Leadership.
  • Curtin Sarawak is among 12 private universities signing MoU with Financial Sector Talent Enrichment Programme (FSTEP) managed by Institut Bank-Bank Malaysia (IBBM) in collaboration with Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM), committing to supplying quality graduates to FSTEP for its one-year fast track technical training programme.
  • Curtin Sarawak’s accredited qualifications are listed in the Malaysian Qualifications Register (MQR) following the granting of self-accreditation status by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) and recognition by Public Services Department (JPA).
  • Dr. Goi Chai Lee, senior lecturer at School of Business and the school’s Postgraduate Coordinator (Higher Degree by Research), wins
  • Curtin’s R&D Awards for Highest Research Performance, Highest Research Performance (Publications), Early Career Researcher Highest Research Performance, and Early Career Researcher Highest Research Performance (Publications) – the first time a Curtin Sarawak academician has won all four awards simultaneously.
  • School of Business holds sustainability assessment workshop themed ‘Building Multi Criteria Decision Making Models for Sustainability Assessment’

The Resources and Chemistry Precinct opens on the Perth campus. It is a powerful and unique collaboration between university, government and industry that aims to take education and research to the next level by attracting world-class researchers and students to Curtin.

 

January

  • Deputy Chief Minister and Chair of Curtin Sarawak Council Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Dr George Chan Hong Nam kicks off Curtin Sarawak’s 10th Anniversary celebration.

March

  • Two documentaries, Irama Tradisional and Asi, made by final-year Bachelor of Arts (Mass Communication) students are shortlisted in Top Ten Films of the documentary category for finals of RTM’s Program Karyawan Muda film competition.

April

  • New building housing School of Business is officially named Lance Twomey Building in recognition of his contributions to Curtin Sarawak in his capacity as Vice-Chancellor of Curtin University and member of Curtin Sarawak Protem Council.
  • Curtin Sarawak marks its tenth anniversary with Celebration Event in new Recreation & Events Centre. The event includes launching of new Phase 2 infrastructure and the state-funded Miri BioPark Project by Chief Minister Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib bin Mahmud.
  • Biodiversity experts from Malaysia and Australia gather for Curtin-MENGO Symposium 2009 at Curtin Sarawak.

May

  • Deputy Minister of Higher Education Datuk Dr Hou Kok Chung visits Curtin Sarawak.

June

  • Four third-year Electronics and Communication Engineering students represent Curtin Sarawak in the Malaysia Robot Contest.

July

  • School of Business holds 2-day Qualitative Research Methodology Workshop.
  • Career & Counselling section of University Life Department organises inaugural Curtin Counselling Seminar.
  • Teaching and Learning Committee of Curtin Sarawak organises first Teaching and Learning Open Forum themed ‘Engaging Learners’.

August

  • Civil and Construction Engineering students Ahmed Faheem, Chin Chu Vun, Sarah Jane Okala, Rachel Wong and Tong Chung Wei come in second in ASEAN Universities Build-and-Break Competition 2009.

September

  • Chemical Engineering lecturer Lau Shiew Wei is awarded 2009 Curtin Excellence and Innovation in Teaching Award (Early Career) by Curtin University.
  • 3-member team from Curtin Sarawak comprising third-year Accounting, Banking and Finance students Millie Chang Hui Jin, Chin Bei Hao and Soon Yee Ling, place fourth in finals of PNB Investment Quiz Competition.
  • Students of Curtin Sarawak emerge amongst the top contenders in competition held in conjunction with National Chemical Engineers Symposium (NACES 2009). Lim Yii Mei wins in Technical Essay Writing category, and Yong Hui Li, Veronica Yeo Shu Phing, Melissa Kho Xiao Ching and Liew Sing Yee are second runner-up in Power Point Technical Presentation category.
  • Curtin Sarawak’s Department of Science & Mathematics hosts 1st Symposia on Geology 2009 with the theme ‘Current and Future Energy Solutions’.

October

  • 6th Undergraduate Business Conference themed ‘Awaken the Financial Genius Within’ is jointly organised by Curtin Sarawak Accounting Club, Certified Public Accountants (CPA) Australia and Fortress Wealth Advisory.

November

  • Two Curtin Sarawak academics are presented awards for outstanding achievement in Curtin University’s Research Performance Index (RPI) Round 2009. Dr. Jayakumar Muthuramalingam, Senior Lecturer in Civil and Construction Engineering, receives Award for Highest RPI Points for Early Career Researcher for Publications, and lecturer in Marketing and Management Lew Tek Yew wins Award for Highest RPI Points by Faculty for Publications.
  • Curtin Sarawak commences enrolment for its January 2010 Intake Programme for the first time.

December

  • Site works for first phase of Miri BioPark at 10-acre site at Curtin Sarawak campus gets underway.
  • Curtin Sarawak’s second batch of business and process plant technology diploma students graduate from its School of Foundation & Continuing Studies.
  • First Curtin International Business Conference (CIBC 2009) at Curtin Sarawak launched by Deputy Minister of Higher Education, Dr. Hou Kok Chung.

Curtin Singapore opens its doors.

 

January

  • Two academic staff, Dr. Yudi Samyudia and Dr. Alexander Gorin, are awarded Curtin Sarawak’s Best Researcher and Best Research Paper Awards respectively.

July

  • MSC Malaysia Incubator Initiative aimed at cultivating ICT-enabled entrepreneurship among Curtin Sarawak students is launched at Curtin Sarawak in partnership with MSC Malaysia.

August

  • Third-year Chemical Engineering Chan Kwai Hong is first-runner up in Technical Essay Writing Competition at National Chemical Engineering Symposium 2008 (NACES) held at University Putra Malaysia.

September

  • In conjunction with Software Freedom Day 2008, IEEE Student Branch Curtin Sarawak organises Open Source Expo, becoming the first private university in Sarawak to organise such an event.
  • Electrical/ Communication Engineering & Computing lecturer Terence Tan is awarded Curtin Excellence and Innovation in Teaching (EIT) Award 2008 by Curtin University of Technology.
  • Curtin Sarawak holds Curtin Sarawak Career Open Day 2008.
  • Accounting Club of Sarawak organises its 5th Undergraduate Business Conference themed ‘Jazz up, Fuel up, Shine!’.
  • Two documentaries made by Curtin Sarawak Bachelor of Arts (Mass Communication) students are screened on RTM1’s Program Karyawan Muda 2008.

October

  • Dr. Aaron Goh of Mechanical Engineering Department is selected for 2008 Young Scientist Award by American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) International Rheology Division.

November

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts first International Curtin University of Technology Science and Engineering (CUTSE) Conference in Miri.
  • Curtin Sarawak Inaugural Diploma Conferment sees graduation of its pioneer batch of 43 diploma graduates from its School of Foundation & Continuing Studies.

December

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts School of Business Year-End Conference themed ‘Trends in Research Towards Modern Business Development’.

January

  • “Nenek Inyak”, short documentary made by Mass Communication students Rachel Chee Keen Mey, Emily Chang Wee Yei, Ruby Yeo Sing Yee and Diyana Nawar Kasimon, is awarded AFP 2006 Jury Special Award for Best Cinematography (Anugerah Khas Juri – Sinematographi Terbaik) at 2006 Short Film Awards (Anugerah Filem Pendek).

February

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts Crossing Borders: 2007 Borneo Conference in Miri.
  • Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia, visits Curtin Sarawak for the first time and officiates commencement of Phase II Development.
  • Minister of Higher Education, Dato’ Mustapha Mohamed, visits Curtin Sarawak.

June

  • Chemical Engineering students Tan Ai Mian, Diana Sim Tze Mei, Fam Chui Ling and Satakshee Jethwani are awarded The Macnab Medal for Excellence in Design by Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE), UK.

July

  • Curtin Sarawak’s reprogrammable Intelligent Battery Charger V2 designed by students David Wong Liang Tai, Chan Chen Shyang and John Lau Kah Soon wins Sarawak Open Source Competition 2007 Gold Award.

September

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts Curtin Open Day 2007 for the community at its campus.

November

  • Curtin Sarawak signs MOU with Malaysian Pepper Board setting up a strategic partnership in research on “Fine Particle Formation by Rapid Expansion of the Supercritical Solution (RESS) of Black Pepper‚s Bioactive Compounds – Design, Optimization & Experimental Studies” funded by the Malaysian Pepper Board.

January

  • Professor Dr John Evans is appointed Pro Vice-Chancellor and Chief Executive of Curtin Sarawak.

February

  • Curtin University of Technology confers Honorary Doctorate of Technology on YAB Dato’ Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia.

May

  • Sarawak Tertiary Education Services Sdn Bhd (STES), a subsidiary of Curtin Sarawak, signs MOU with Centre for British Teachers (CfBT) Education Services for establishment of an international school in Miri.
  • Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Dr George Chan Hong Nam, Deputy Chief Minister, Minister of Modernisation of Agriculture and Minister of Industrial Development, Sarawak and Chairman of Curtin Sarawak Council, officiates Ground Breaking Ceremony for Curtin Sarawak’s Phase II extension.
  • Datuk Seri Dr Fong Chan Onn, Minister of Human Resources, Malaysia, visits Curtin Sarawak.
  • Miri Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCCI) appoints Curtin Consultancy Services (M) Sdn Bhd (CCS) to undertake Business Confidence Survey in Miri.

June

  • Curtin Sarawak’s Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) status is renewed for another five years.

July

  • Acting Director, School of Pre-University Studies Beena Giridharan Beena is awarded Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia Inc (HERDSA) Fellowship Award.
  • Acting Director, School of Pre-University Studies Beena Giridharan receives 2006 Carrick Australian Award for University Teaching (CAAUT) Citation for Outstanding Contribution to Student Learning.

November

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts inaugural Curtin University of Technology Sarawak Engineering (CUTSE) Conference with Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).
  • Chancellor of Curtin University of Technology, Gordon Martin, and Vice-Chancellor Professor Jeannette Hacket make first official visit Curtin Sarawak and witness the signing of MOUs for collaboration in with oil and gas industry partners.

Curtin’s Sydney campus is established.

 

May

  • The presence of Curtin Sarawak was instrumental in Miri achieving city status on 20 May 2005 as one of the conditions required by the federal government was the presence of a university.
  • Assistant Minister of Infrastructure Development & Communications YB Lee Kim Shin is awarded Honorary Doctorate of Letters by Curtin in recognition of his role on the initial planning committees and ongoing commitment as Chair of the Curtin Sarawak Management Board, and member of the Sarawak Council and Board of Directors.

February

  • Student numbers swell to 1,800, with a significant number of international students. Academic staff numbers increase to 90.

May

  • First degree graduation ceremony for 308 students from commerce and engineering degree programmes is held. Notable among the graduates was the first batch of 15 engineering students, most of whom had started their programmes in the campus’ pioneering year of 1999.

July

  • Curtin Sarawak hosts Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (HERDSA) annual conference in Miri. Malaysian Deputy Minister of Higher Education YB Dato Fu Ah Kiow officiates at the formal opening.

October

  • Centre for Sustainable Energy and Communication (SECOM), a cooperative effort between Sarawak and Bentley staff, gets grant from State Information & Resources Council to carry out feasibility study on cost-effective rural communications network.

April

  • Former Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad visits Curtin Sarawak. Curtin Sarawak was established during his tenure as Prime Minister.

May

  • The Honourable Dr Geoff Gallop, MLA, Premier of Western Australia, visits Curtin Sarawak. During his visit, the Premier announces that his Government would fund five scholarships (the Western Australian Premier’s Scholarship) for final year students to complete their degree programmes in Perth. He also officiates at the naming and dedication of the main lecture theatre to the former Chancellor, Mr Harry Perkins.

October

  • Staff from Curtin Sarawak’s Admissions and Enrolments Office are the first campus recipients of the prestigious Vice-Chancellor’s Award. The awards are presented by Curtin Chancellor Dr Eric Tan on his first official visit to Curtin Sarawak.

Curtin’s first offshore campus, Curtin Sarawak, opens its doors as the first foreign campus in East Malaysia.

 

February

  • New purpose-built campus in Senadin is occupied and classes for Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Engineering programmes commence.

April

  • First students from Curtin Sarawak graduate with Bachelor of Commerce degrees.
  • Curtin confers Honorary Doctorate of Technology on Deputy Chief Minister of Sarawak, Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Dr George Chan Hong Nam in recognition of his efforts in establishing Curtin Sarawak, as well as his contribution to development of the State and Miri in particular.

September

  • New campus in Senadin is officially opened by Sarawak Chief Minister Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib bin Mahmud. Also attending are Western Australia Minister of Education, Indigenous Affairs and Sports and Recreation, Alan Carpenter, and then Malaysian Defence Minister Dato Sri Mohd. Najib Tun Razak.
  • Curtin Sarawak hosts its first international conference, the Higher Education for the 21st Century Conference (he21) in Miri.

Globally, over 31,000 students now attend Curtin.

 

August

  • Curtin Sarawak Research Forum is held in Kuching for key research and academic staff and representatives of the highest levels of government to identify opportunities for joint research between Sarawak Government, Curtin Sarawak and Curtin Bentley.

November

  • MoU is signed between Sarawak Government, Curtin University of Technology and Curtin (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd to undertake joint research on issues and opportunities relevant to the State, including rainforest knowledge industries, developing sustainable agricultural methods, production and marketing of spice crops, and use of peat swamps for agricultural crops.
  • MoU is signed between Vice-Chancellor Professor Lance Twomey and Professor Yusuf Hadi, Vice-Chancellor of University Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), for academic cooperation between the two universities.
  • Curtin Sarawak is awarded Multimedia Super Corridor status by the Malaysian Federal Government, becoming the first private university branch campus in Malaysia to achieve such status.

February

  • First semester classes commence for Commerce and Engineering with 431 undergraduate students (281 new and 151 re-enrolments). Academic staff now number 42.

March

  • Formal notification of registration of the campus is received from Malaysian Ministry of Education. The registration number provided – KP/JPS/DFT/US/YO1 –confirms Curtin’s status of being the first recognised branch campus in Malaysia.

April

  • First postgraduate programme (Master of Business Administration) commences with 35 students.

September

  • Curtin University of Technology confers honorary award of Doctor of Technology on Sarawak Chief Minister YAB Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib bin Mahmud in recognition of his strong support for Curtin in Sarawak.

December

  • Memorandum of Understanding is signed between Shell International Exploration and Production BV, Curtin University of Technology and Curtin (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd formalising cooperation and collaboration in furthering training and development of Shell staff.
  • Curtin Sarawak establishes Peat and Marine Soils Research Centre to investigate alternative cost-effective technologies for constructing roads and buildings in peat soil.

January

  • Associate Professor Frank Sheehy is appointed Academic Director, and Mr Dennis Ham Administration Director of Curtin Sarawak.

February

  • Initial academic and general staff are selected and appointed.

March

  • Contractors hand over temporary Riam Campus; First semester of instruction with 23 academic staff members and 220 students with support from visiting lecturers from Perth commences.

May

  • Election of first Student Council.

July

  • Strategic Planning Workshop is held in Miri for senior representatives of Curtin University of Technology and the Sarawak Government.
  • Professor Kevin McKenna is appointed Pro Vice-Chancellor of Curtin Sarawak.
  • First participants in the Curtin Business School Curtin Sarawak Scholarship Programme arrive in Miri for a semester of study in Bachelor of Commerce courses.

September

  • East Malaysian Chapter of Curtin Alumni and Friends is established.

October

  • Foundation stone for permanent campus in Senadin is laid by Dato’ Sri Mohd. Najib Tun Abdul Razak, Minister of Education. Present were Western Australian Minister of Resources, Education and Energy, Mr Colin Barnett, Vice-Chancellor Professor Lance Twomey and delegation from Curtin Bentley.

November

  • Site clearing and earthworks commence at new campus.

December

  • Graduation ceremony for 72 foundation programme students held at Holiday Inn Miri.

May

  • MoU is signed between Curtin University of Technology and YB Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Dr George Chan Hong Nam, Deputy Chief Minister of Sarawak, for development of academic cooperation.

June

  • Incorporation of Curtin (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd., owner and management company of Curtin Sarawak.

December

  • Refurbishment of Riam Road Middle School as a temporary campus commences.
  • Letter of invitation to establish a university campus is issued to Curtin (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd by Dato Sri Mohd. Najib Tun Abdul Razak, Minister of Education, Malaysia.

Taken from the writings of John Curtin, the words “look ever forward” become our official university motto.

Student enrolments top 18,000 at Curtin in Australia

Curtin accepts its first students as a university.

WAIT is reborn as Curtin University of Technology, named after the former Australian Prime Minister John Curtin.

Just under 10,000 students attend WAIT.

Three institutions are merged with WAIT: The Western Australian School of Mines (originally opened in 1902), the Muresk Agricultural College (dating from 1926) and Schools of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy.

Nearly 3,000 students attend WAIT during its first year.

WAIT officially opens.

The State Government approves the establishment of the Western Australian Institute of Technology (WAIT).

Share this